“Norway’s Magna Carta” back to Norway after 500 years

Saturday 4 August 2018

After a long life in foreignity is now the most beautiful and elaborate edition of Magnus Lagabøte’s national law back in the country.

“This edition of the National Act is equally important for people in Norway that Magna Carta is for the British,” says national librarian Aslak Sira Myhre.

He is not afraid to turn on big rum when comparing this special edition of the National Law, called Codex Hardenbergianus, with the British Constitutional Documents of 1215.

Followed by armed guards

The Landsloven Act was drafted in Bergen in 1274. The version called Codex Hardenbergianus is a particularly beautiful and costly version of Norway’s first national law, dating back to the second quarter of the 1300s. Since the 16th century it has been in Copenhagen.

Today, the national clan came back to Norway, escorted by armed guards. The National Library has signed a five-year deposit agreement with the Royal Library in Copenhagen.

“There are 31 different editions of the National Act, and they are all slightly different. But this edition has calligraphy, drawings and art that looks like it is taken from the “Rose Name”, says Aslak Sira Myhre, referring to the film and the book with action from an Italian monastery in the Middle Ages.

King Magnus Lagabøte’s national act served as a law for Norway until Christian V’s Norwegian law was introduced in 1687. Aslak Sira Myhre states that the Land Act is a unique proof of Norway’s status in the Middle Ages.

“It is based on the earlier land laws, such as Gulating and Frostating. Lagabøte collected these into one law, which in addition is based on the legislative work in Europe at that time, says the National Librarian.

Also applies today

He says that this was the second national law in Europe after the state of Castile in present Spain.

“Norway was one of the first countries to get a national law, and it was extremely modern for its time,” says Aslak Sira Myhre, indicating that it still affects us today.

– The Allemannsrätt, ie the right to go forest and land and fish and pick berries, is in the national law, thus building on principles that are older than the Viking age. This means that there is a connection between these laws and how we judge right and wrong today.

Aslak Sira Myhre says that the manuscript collection will now be kept in the security magazine under the National Library at Solli Plass in Oslo until it becomes part of the permanent exhibition that will open until autumn.

– “Lovely” to hand over it

Pernille Drost, director of the Royal Bilbiotek in Copenhagen, is very pleased that Norwegians can see book treasure in the next five years. So it’s far from a heavy heart she lends it away:

“It’s a very magnificent book and it’s nice to get it over, so Norwegians of all ages can see. I think the book with its magnificent illustrations will appeal as much to the kids as to the adults!

Norwegians among the worst in global climate change

Friday 3 August 2018

Today we have “spent up” the earth’s resources for this year. If everyone were to live like Norwegians, we would need 3.6 Earths.

Every year, the date of “Earth’s Overcrowding Day” or “Earth Overshoot Day” crawls longer and longer.

The mark, which falls this year on August 1, tells us when we have used up the Earth’s resources for the current year. The rest of the year people use natural resources that the earth needs more than a year to recover.

Earlier than ever

As last year, the date has fallen earlier than ever, as much as two months earlier than in 2000.

And Norway, like other western countries, is very poor when it comes to organic footprints. Of 134 countries as the Global Footprint Network think tank has listed, Norway is number 19.

If the whole world were to live as Norwegians, the date of Earth’s overtaking day had already fallen on April 12, or we would have needed 3.6 earthquakes in a year.

“A small proportion of the world’s population uses most of the Earth’s resources today. And it’s usually the northern and western part of the world, “says CICERO researcher Marianne Tronstad Lund.

Missing debate on division of responsibilities

Tronstad Lund points to Norway’s high gross national product and revenues as a cause of Norwegians overuse.

“It’s enough that we have a less thoughtful attitude towards use and throw. We buy things we strictly do not need, as well as having a relatively high food win.

The senior researcher thinks there is a perspective that should be highlighted in the debate on responsibilities, when it comes to greenhouse gas emissions from production and consumption:

“Norwegians are big consumers of goods produced in other countries, and we do not have to take responsibility for emissions from production in those countries.

– Should Norway take responsibility for the emissions from production in countries we import goods from?

– If we agree that those who use the service are responsible for the emissions, we should.

– It happens too little, too late

WWF World Wildlife Fund believes the reason Norway is getting out of the list to the “Global Footprint Network” is that we are not living sustainable.

“We must take it more serious that the day comes earlier and earlier each year. It’s happening too little, and it’s too late, says WWF adviser Marte Conradi.

“This year is the date one day earlier than in 2017, does it mean that it’s only one day that we begin to control overuse?

“We have reduced the overuse, but we still have not managed to reverse it, then the day had come later. We soon use resources as if we had two planets, and it’s dramatic.

Ask people to take responsability

According to Conradi, it is important that everybody takes their share of responsibility by making changes in the way we live.

“There are many small steps you can take that will contribute in general. For example, you can drive more collectively, or eat a little less meat.

“Many argue that Norwegians can not make major changes worldwide and that other countries are bigger” environmentalists “than us. What do you think about it?

“It is an argument we often hear. But the environment is just as much a collective responsibility, and the fact that someone is disgusting does not mean that we should not take our part of responsibility.

Here is the WWF World Natural Fund’s list of simple steps you can take to reduce your climate footprint:

Reduce consumption by thinking about an extra time before buying something new
Buy good quality items and repair them when it’s broken
If you have to throw something, make sure that life is recycled
Fly less privately and at work
Use public transport, the bike and the legs
Apply energy-efficient solutions in your own home and at work

Political commitment to reuse

State Secretary at the Ministry of Climate and Environment, Atle Hamar, emphasizes that Norway is the leader in climate and environmental policy.

He refers to the government’s commitment to the circular economy as an important step in reducing Norwegians’ global climate impact.

“It’s about ensuring that resources are used and reused more efficiently, which will strengthen the green competitiveness of business.

He acknowledges that it is problematic for Norwegians to travel more by air than average, but says that long-term technology development could make the aircraft industry less polluting.

“In the course of 10-15 years, we probably have electric aircraft at shorter distances. In addition, airlines use advanced biofuels that have an environmental impact.

According to Hamar, reduced emissions are also targets for several of Norway’s largest sectors.

“We have a maritime sector that is in full swing with a transition from fossil fuels to low emissions or zero emissions. In addition, Norway has taken a leading role in making the transport sector emissions-free and making it profitable to choose electric cars.

Too many immigrants outside the labor market

Tuesday, July 10, 2018


Integration minister Jan Tore Sanner must improve the introductory program, says Oslo City Council Tone Tellevik Dahl.

All newly arrived refugees are offered to participate in an integration program, whose goal is to learn Norwegian and quickly get out of work or education.

Tone Tellevik Dahl (Labor Party) believes that there are many challenges with today’s integration, and now urges the integration minister to make changes to the introduction program for refugees. The biggest challenge is that many immigrants do not get a job.

She has come up with concrete proposals for changes she has sent to integration minister Jan Tore Sanner. The municipalities need government assistance, Dahl believes.

“I hope Sanner can be positive about the changes, and we will do our best to improve implementation in general. But here we need state aid, so that we and all other municipalities are in a better position to get more into work and education, “says the agency.

– Need more time

One of the proposals for the agencies is to enable the refugees who need it to extend the introduction program to four years. Dahl says that many who come to Norway have little education, which presents challenges. These need more follow-up than others.

The Ministry of Education reports that 70 per cent of those who have come to Norway as refugees have only completed primary school or have no education in recent years.

“The challenge is that refugees who would have been very successful in four years’ races are those we find today in various measures at NAV, and who like to receive social assistance because they have not come to work,” says Dahl.

She means the money they already spend on refugees, in such cases being used in the wrong way. According to the agencies, this is a bad economy.

“Because the society was a bit too” gnawing “at the outset, we have to spend a lot to fix it later.

Big unemployment

After the refugees have participated in the integration program, one of the goals is to get them out of work or education. According to Dahl, a major problem is the unemployment of today.

Figures from the Oslo municipality show that in 2017, 54 per cent of refugees who completed the program in the municipality went to work or education.

The Ministry of Education also admits that there are some challenges with integration.

“Norway has worked well with integration compared with other European countries, but we still have a number of challenges. Many immigrants are out of work and are living in poverty, partly because they lack formal competence, State Secretary Rikke Høistad Sjøberg believes in the Ministry of Education.

Today’s working life, which still demands higher competence requirements, makes immigrants vulnerable to the labor market, according to Sjøberg.

Big differences

Sjøberg admits that there are too big differences between how the introductory program and Norwegian education work in different municipalities.

She believes that they must be better off giving children and young people who come to the country good and adapted education so they get a good education. In addition, she believes that adult immigrants must receive real and formal qualifications for working life.

There are also large variations in the results between the districts in Oslo. In 2017 in the district of Alna, 19 percent of those who completed the program went out of work. In Old Oslo, on the other hand, 65 percent were employed, figures from Oslo Municipality show.

“Equal services in all parts of the city are important to me,” says Dahl, working on a standard that will contribute to it.

Russia against the West with new weapons

Monday 9 July 2018


WRONG PLACE: Russia’s Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin poses in front of sign at the airport in Longyearbyen on Svalbard. A provocation, the Norwegian authorities said. For Rogozin was unwanted in Norway after violations of international law in Ukraine. Photo: Twitter screenshot

 

Monday, January 8, 2018, Health South-East was notified of ongoing abnormal activity against computer systems throughout the region. The warning came from hospital partners who are responsible for ICT operations in the healthcare company.

The way in which the burglary was made indicated that the players were very advanced and professional. PST suspects that the attack on computer systems in Health South East is done by another state.

“We know too little about what kind of attack it is talking about and what method of intrusion used,” says Russia Expert Øystein Bogen to the magazine Vi Menn.

In February he came out with his new book “Russia’s secret war against the West”. In the book, cybercrime is one of the main themes.

“But it will not surprise me if there are Russian hackers behind. If it is the intelligence service GRU’s hackers who have done this, the Russian hybrid attacks against Norway have reached a whole new level, “said the TV 2 journalist.

Constant hybrid war

At least 20 European countries, including Norway, have been exposed to hidden Russian attempts to influence politicians’ decisions and the attitudes of the people.

With spies, state-owned hackers, organized criminals, billions of oil dollars and ice-cold cynicism, Putin is trying to break alliances and create turmoil in western countries.

– This is a hybrid war, claims Øystein Bogen.

According to Russian thinking, there is no longer any fundamental difference between war and peace. The measures (see box) should therefore be used against the country’s potential enemies constantly.

Russian scientist Tor Bukkvoll at the Norwegian Defense Research Institute agrees:

“This idea that the distinction between peace and war is gone has been around for some years,” he said.

“But we must say that the Russians believe it is the West who has wiped out the distinction. In their eyes, Western support for the people of the Middle East and Eastern Europe is warfare, “continues Bukkvoll.

He also points out that there is a danger of interpreting all Russia as hybrid warfare.

We have a shared responsibility for small ones to have a nice summer

Sunday, July 8, 2018


“I’m going to the Maldives this summer and riding, what are you going to do?” Economic differences are evident in the summer weeks and it can go extra hard beyond the little ones.

Before school ends, the children talk about what to do in the summer, and then it’s hard to be the child who “just” should be home. In one of the world’s richest countries, it is tabooed to say that your family can not afford to send you on expensive summer activities or travel abroad.

Tough for low-income families

It is not only the children who feel on a holiday press, this is also on the parents. In a survey conducted for the bank DNB, it appears that Norwegian families with children feel a pressure to leave during the summer vacation so the children will have something to tell their friends.

Of the respondents, 36 percent of the parents say that they feel at such pressure, the percentage is greatest among those with low income. Here, there are plenty more parents who go a long way to prevent the kids from feeling outside. Then it’s quick to spend more than you really have on the summer vacation.

The perfect summer in social media

The pressure both the young and the parents feel are increasing enough with the digital everyday life we ​​live in. Social media opens for the differences to become larger and more visible. Now you can compare yourself with others around you, both you know and do not know. This influence is huge.

We see that friends and celebrities are on expensive holidays or send their children to summer camps that cost a lot.

In extreme consequence, the pressure can cause you to make insolent choices, such as taking up consumer loans or taking your vacation on credit with money you do not have. I have met several participants in the TV show  “Luxury trap” who have had serious payment problems in the pursuit of being “all” others.

You can help to reduce the pressure

We can all contribute in one way or another to lessen the holiday press for those who do not have much. Even small things can make a difference.

If you are a teacher, I recommend you to drop the style of what has been done this summer, arrange collective gathering for school trips and talk about social differences in parenting meetings.

For example, if you are a resourceful parent, you can offer yourself a classmate of your child during the vacation trip. This will be very much appreciated. It is also important that we talk to our children that not everyone has the same amount. Teach your child good values ​​and to be kind and understanding above others. Perhaps you do not have to post typical boasting pictures in social media?

US Marines move into Troms when the Brigade goes on exercise

Saturday 7 July 2013

US Navy US soldiers will be landed in northern Norway this fall when Brigade North goes to southern Norway and participates in the major NATO exercise Trident Juncture 2018.

The Armed Forces’ leadership confirms to VG that US Marines will practice in northern Norway this autumn and that Americans will be at the same time as 35-40,000 soldiers from NATO countries and partner countries in southern Norway.

But Colonel Sven Halvorsen, Defense Chief Press Officer, rejects the US Department’s decision to weaken the lack of Norwegian ground forces in Northern Norway.

“There is no link there,” Halvorsen told VG.

“This is not part of the exercise Trident Juncture 2018. However, the opportunity is being used when US Marines come across the Atlantic with materials, personnel and vessels to train in northern Norway,” he adds.

Collaborates with Army and National Guard (HV)

Soldiers from the army and HV will provide host country support to the Americans in northern Norway, and they will act as opponents in exercises.

According to the newspaper VG’s information, the force of the US Navy Corps will undertake a landing exercise in Ofotfjorden and head to Indre Troms, where they will train in the Brigade shooting range while large parts of Brigade Nord are on NATO exercise in southern Norway.

Soldiers from 30 countries participate in the NATO exercise Trident Juncture in Southeastern and Mid-Norway until the fall when the alliance is going to train to defend Norway.

The main part of the exercise will take place between 25 October and 7 November.

Can not replace own soldiers

Three weeks ago, the government gave green light that US Marines could double their strength in Norway, up to 700 soldiers, on rotating training. Parts of this force will be established in the abandoned artillery camp at Setermoen in Troms, as well as the existing base on Værnes outside Trondheim.

But the opposition at the Storting responded that the Brigad’s 2-battalion should be wound up as standing department, while at the same time increasing its presence in Indre Troms:

“We can not replace the deployment of our own forces and then fill up with US troops,” said Marit Arnstad, Center Party’s parliamentary leader, to VG in June.

While the Armed Forces officially rejects this link when large parts of the Brigade are conducting a multi-week practice, other sources of defense say that it is not unnatural to have military preparedness in Northern Norway when Army’s standing camps are elsewhere in the country.

Good defense policy

Anders Romarheim, researcher at the Department of Defense Studies, says to VG that there is a good defense policy to strengthen the military ties between Norway and the United States when political ties are weakened by President Donald Trump.

“Having US Marines on rotating training in Northern Norway is both symbolic and deterrent. They may not be able to perform miracles in an emergency or attack. But if someone goes to an attack on American soldiers, the alarm will be red-hot in Washington, “said Romarheim.

The IFS scientist says it is a paradox that many of those who criticize American presence in Norway also believe that Norway has a small army.

“There are some unrealistic ideas about what Norwegian land power can accomplish in a given situation. We are totally dependent on allied support, and far beyond self-help in an armed conflict. Hitting close ties to the US defense is therefore smart for several reasons, including because the Pentagon will last long after President Trump is out, “said Romarheim.

PS: Brigade Nord was also in southern Norway during exercise Vestland in 2013, and exercise Cold Response in 2016.

John Oliver ridiculed Norwegian 7-Eleven advertising

Wednesday 4 July 2018

Critical reviewed on popular program.

7-Eleven raised a lot of attention last week when they brought a condom advertisement aimed at tourists in Norway.

The kiosk chain makes a big point because many Norwegians have sexually transmitted chlamydia. They call Norway “land of chlamydia” or the Klamydia country, and encourage tourists to “protect themselves from the local” by purchasing condoms at 7-Eleven.

It has caught the attention of one of the world’s leading TV comedians, British John Oliver.

He gave the advertisement a special feature in his very popular weekly humor talk show, Last Week Tonight, at American HBO.

The advertisement is shown to great laughter from the audience in the hall.

– Holy shit, Oliver exclaims after the advertisement, stating that 7-Eleven can be sued by the cities of Las Vegas and Tampa, as well as the “wave pool at all water parks” for the use of the name “Land of Chlamydia.”

Shot on the island Utøya and now on social security benefits

Wednesday 4 July 2018

Was promised more money by the minister, Nav says no

Cecilie Herlofsen (23) was deprived of NAV or Norwegian Labour and Welfare Administration support. Then the minister promised her an income she could live off. Then Cecilie was told she could not get more money anyway.

After Cecilie Herlofsen was shot three times and almost killed on Utøya, she has received a job clearance fee from NAV. In spring, however, this support ended, because the government has introduced a new and stricter regulatory framework.

Now she goes to social assistance bemefits and receives 10,000 kroner a month.

– This will cover all expenses. Power, telephone and rent to name a few. Then there are not many thousands of kroner left for food, says Elin Haga, the mother of Cecilie.
Promised an income to live off

After TV 2 first mentioned Cecilie’s situation, Labor and Social Affairs Minister Anniken Hauglie (H) was directly in the news release on June 24th. Then she said the following about the 23-year-old’s situation:

“When Cecilie is ready, she will be able to get a work-related initiative that will also give her a living income and give her an income to live off.

But after a new meeting with NAV, Cecilie is far from what she believes is “an income to live off”.

“Measures were the plan all the time, but I get nothing more with measures than with social assistance.

Still 10,000 kroner a month

On measures, Cecilie receives NOK 375 for each day she meets, and with experience from previous measures, Cecilie does not think she can work more than 50 percent. It will amount to about 4,000 kroner in the cost of the month, which is 6000 kroner less than she receives today.

Therefore, she still has to receive social assistance, but unlike social assistance, no action funds have borrowed money. The debt itself will decrease, but the total monthly payment will remain unchanged at NOK 10,000.

“I do not think Anniken Hauglie thinks that 375 kroner is an income” to live off, “says Cecilie’s mother.

“I could have had an education

Now, Cecilie is going to take action for six months, where the goal is to figure out how much her work capacity is. She has long worn several injuries and ailments after she was hit by several shot on July 22.

“I feel punished because I was on Utøya. Had I not been there I had an education and a job now that would give me an income to live off, says Cecilie.

Right wing Rebukes Justice Minister Wara: – Clearly it is safe to live in Oslo

Wednesday 4 July 2018

Oslo Høyre has, nevertheless, prepared a list of measures against child crime in the capital after Dagbladet’s disclosure.

Last week, Dagbladet wrote that ten children under 15 years account for 187 crimes in the capital, according to figures from the Oslo police.

Among the offenses are rape of a child under 14 years, fire attack, robbery, threats with knife, helmet, car theft and violence against teacher.

Justice Minister Tor Mikkel Wara called the numbers “desperate reading”, and was aware that Oslo’s streets are not safe. He wants to use more custody of children to cope with crime.

He also claims that Oslo’s streets are not safe:

“No, obviously not,” the Justice Minister replied to direct questions from Dagbladet.

Right wing pepper to Wara

Wara had met counterbreak from Prime Minister Erna Solberg (H). Now the right-wing leadership in Oslo is also on the way to the government camaraderie.

“I think the Minister of Justice is grossly rude when he generalizes about the situation in Oslo. Wara is wrong when he says it’s not safe to go to Oslo’s streets. It is safe to live in Oslo and go on the street in Oslo. It’s unfortunate to give an impression of something else, “says Eirik Lea Solberg (H) to Dagbladet.

– Does not mean Raymond is safe

La Solberg, deputy chairman of Oslo Høyre and former city councils in the capital, believes that City Council leader Raymond Johansen (AP) is wrong in his assessment of the stand in Oslo in Dagbladet.

“Johansen also bumps roughly when he says that” in the big picture, Oslo is just an unsafe city if you’re a member of a gang. ” It’s not true and it seems that Raymond Johansen did not fully understand the situation that makes many youngsters in vulnerable areas safe, “says Lae Solberg, turning the criticism of Frp against the rivalry in Ap:

“When the police say they meet young people who do not dare to go to school, save and experience everyday life as unsafe, then it does not seem that Johansen himself feels very safe in the city streets,” continues Solberg.

The Children’s Ombudsman also criticized Wara for allegations of more use of custody against the criminal children.

Measures against violence

Eirik Lae Solberg says Oslo Høyre has a long list of relevant measures Raymond Johansen should listen to:

1. An aid scheme that would allow children from low-income families to participate in sports and other recreational activities.
2.
Increased support for the leisure clubs so they can stay up every day of the week.
3.
Enrollment team that can be admitted to high schools and youth schools with extra challenges with violence and drug sales
4,
Support for sports teams in vulnerable areas so that they can provide sports and physical education services to more.

“We also want an eleventh school year for students who do not have enough academic background to begin high school,” says Lae Solberg.

Consideration for the Left must have delayed police armed forces

Wednesday 4 July 2018

The hope that the Left would enter the government should have been a major reason why the Oslo police were not allowed to arm police patrols in Oslo downtown last fall, VG informed.

The left has been an avid opponent of armed police.

VG reported earlier Tuesday that nine months passed from police chief Hans Sverre Sjøvold in Oslo police district called for three months’ patrol patrols, and until he received permission from Attorney General Tor Mikkel Wara (Frp) on 14 June this year.

The case landed on the table of then Attorney General Per Willy Amundsen (Frp) already in November last year.

Unclear case

At that time, the government parties left the Right and the Frp and waited for the Left to clarify its position: whether the party would negotiate a seat in the government, or continue in opposition.

A centrally located source now says that a number of issues remained unclear in the government, not to offend the Left while considering whether they should go government or not.

The question of arming police patrols in downtown Oslo should have been considered as such a problem, because of Venster’s strong opposition to general armed forces.

During the government talks on Jeløy, the Left was obstructed by general armed forces, but had to accept point arming, among other things at Gardermoen.

However, Per Willy Amundsen reacts to VG’s representation that he did not grant the application from the Oslo police before joining January this year:

Would grant

– I can confirm that if it was up to me as a government minister during that period, the application from the police would be granted before the new year. But as most people understand, things such as this must be rooted in the government, says Per Willy Amundsen to VG.

He will not elaborate the cause of the delay.

Also, Prime Minister Erna Solberg (H) would not comment on whether the case was put on hold for the sake of the Left. She says this to VG in Croatia’s capital Zagreb:

“The treatment has not had any reason why the Left entered the government. As Wara said in the parliament, we have given a temporary permit, and so we have said that we will return with a better legislative anchorage in the autumn when we are done with that work. Therefore, this has taken some time, “said Solberg.

VG has been in contact with Venstre’s communications manager Steinar Haugsvær, who says that the party is not aware that this case was left for the sake of the Left.

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