The pharmaceutical companies have a major influence over the studies they pay for

Monday, October 8, 2018

An investigation of industry-sponsored medical studies shows that pharmaceutical companies had an impact on all parts of the research.

Much medical research takes place in purely academic environments, ie at universities or other independent research institutions.

But when promising drugs are being developed into finished vaccines or medications and tested on humans, it is almost always a drug company that is behind.

Now the industry and independent researchers are involved: The pharmaceutical company finances the study and supplies the medicine, while physicians and researchers carry out research on their patients. This is a collaboration that both serve.

Obtains credibility from independent researchers

Hospitals gain increased competence, prestige, free access to new and better medicines, greater opportunity to follow up patients and funds for more employees.

Industry receives access to hospitals ‘patients and physicians’ treatment skills. And not least, to the credibility of independent researchers. It will be a guarantee that the research results are reliable and not controlled by industry’s financial interests.

But now a new survey suggests that this warranty is less worthwhile than we have assumed.

The results showed that industry was often deeply involved in all parts of the studies. In many cases, there were researchers from the pharmaceutical companies who analyzed the data alone. They also often wrote the research articles without their names appearing in the authors lists.

The drug companies had great influence

It is Kristine Rasmussen at the Nordic Cochrane Center at Rigshospitalet in Copenhagen and her colleagues who have done the survey. They took care of the 200 latest industry-financed studies of medicines, vaccines and medical equipment, published in seven highly prestigious medical journals.

Rasmussen and co. also sent a questionnaire to the main authors of the 200 studies.

The results showed that employees from pharmaceutical companies were writing 87 percent of the articles. And in 92 percent of the cases, the industrial partner had an influence on the design of the study. In many cases, this study design may have a lot to say for what results the survey can provide.

Only four percent of the studies were completely independent, ie completely planned, performed and reported by researchers from academic institutions.

When it came to analyzing the data, industry workers were included in 73 percent of the studies, while independent researchers only participated in the analyzes in 40 percent of the cases.

This means that employees in the pharmaceutical companies not only had an influence on how the data from the study were interpreted. In many cases they had the full control. But the information in the articles about who stood for the analyzes was often ambiguous.

This result is consistent with the conclusions of previous studies.

It was also often unclear whether the independent researchers themselves had access to the data. This is consistent with previous research, writes Rasmussen and colleagues. A study from 2012 showed that industry partners often had control of the data. also wrote about similar issues. A survey we conducted in 2017 showed that researchers often have no influence on what happens to the data from studies in Norwegian patients.

The questionnaire to Rasmussen and colleagues shows that most academics looked at the cooperation with industry as useful.

However, some reported about problems, for example because the drug company delayed the publication of the results, or that the two parties disagreed as to how the study should be designed or reported.

In a research, 2015 showed that Norwegian researchers have also experienced such episodes.

– Should decline cooperation

In a comment about the research, Rasmussen writes that she and colleagues started the survey because they knew about researchers who had experienced their academic freedom limited by the industry partner.

And because they knew about researchers who were only concerned about the benefits they could derive from an industrial partnership.

Thus it was interesting to find out how widespread this was. The results of industry-sponsored clinical trials are important. They have a lot to say when professionals and health authorities decide what kind of treatment patients will receive.

Good decisions depend on the fact that the clinical studies that are based are reliable and safeguard the patient’s interests, for commercial reasons, writes Rasmussen, and strikes a blow for more independence in future studies.

– The academic environment should refuse cooperation when the industry requires control over design, implementation, data, statistical analysis or reporting.

Report: Wind turbines leads to heating

Sunday, October 7, 2018

During the first century, transition to wind power is worse than coal and gas, a new US research report shows.

The report, conducted by researchers at Harvard University, shows that if the United States received all the electricity from wind turbines, the temperature in the country would have increased by + 0.24 degrees Celsius, up to + 1.5 degrees at night. + 0.54 Celsius around the wind farms.

This would have more than eaten the benefits of decarbonizing the country’s power sector, which is intended to give a profit of – 0.1 Celsius.

However, some places on the east coast will experience lower temperatures.

In addition, the wind farms will occupy five to 20 times more area than previously thought, which will seize about a third of the United States.
Will take 100 years to achieve environmental benefits

It will take around 100 years of wind power before the benefits begin to outweigh the disadvantages, researchers conclude, no matter how much of the energy wind power takes.

“The reason is that the climate impacts of wind power instantly enter, while the benefits of reduced emissions accumulate slowly,” says physics professor David W. Keith to The Harvard Gazette, adding that “there is no free lunch.”

“If the perspective is ten years, wind power in some aspects has more impact on the climate than coal and gas,” he says.

“If the perspective is a thousand years, wind power is hugely much cleaner,” Keith says.

– Affects the climate

Keith further explains in an article in the Joule magazine that wind turbines, in addition to making power, also change the air movements in the atmosphere.

The turbines mix the air layers close to the ground with the slightly higher in the atmosphere, while extracting energy from the wind. Normally the air is more quiet at night where cold air is close to the ground while the air is warmer higher up. Therefore, the effect is particularly noticeable at night.

The turbines move more of the hot air down to the ground. In addition, they make a “windshadow” behind, where the wind is weaker, and the consequences of this are not fully investigated. In any case, the wind farms become less efficient the bigger they become.

Around individual wind turbines, the effect is negligible, but the case becomes completely different when there are thousands of them.

Previously, the study shows ten other cases where higher temperatures are detected locally around the wind farms.

– Redistributes heat into the atmosphere

– The wind turbines redistribute heat and humidity into the atmosphere, which affects the climate. We have tried to make models for this on a continental scale, Keith says.

The more wind turbines placed in the same place, the less efficient they become, especially if the wind farms span several kilometers. In addition, more of them will have to be placed in more windy places when the most attractive areas are filled up.

This is something that has not been taken into account in previous studies, Keith and his research colleague Lee Miller believe.

Refuses climate impact

Critics of the report believe that Keith and Miller really talk about your local temperature rather than global warming. In particular, the American Wind Energy Association, AWEA, is in the throat of the report, which believes that climate change is not at all the only baking temperatures.

– Keith and Miller’s analysis explores an excessively high level of wind turbine deployment and the effect it can have at higher local temperatures. However, they have not found that wind power leads to global warming, nor to the cascade of side effects and self-reinforcing effects we get from carbon pollution, writes communications advisor Greg Alvarez.

Keith emphasizes that the report is not meant to be a fundamental criticism of wind power.

“The work should also be seen as the first step in looking more seriously at the consequences of increased use of renewable energy sources,” he said.

To the Technology Review magazine, powered by MIT, he believes that the world should perhaps support more against solar cell technology and invest less on wind power.

STASI agents among us

Saturday, September 15, 2018

When the wall of Berlin – “Wall of Shame” fell on November 9, 1989, its symbolic significance also fell. Cold war, political and military division of Europe, spying on everything and everything. This was also the end of the infamous and super-effective secret state police Stasi, with its 100,000 permanent employees and 500,000 indicate. Probably the most effective monitoring system in history.

The Bundestag adopted a separate law on the Stasi archive so that German citizens could access the documents. The highly sensitive archives were finally released. Many historians also looked forward to this. 180 air miles with important documentation could tell a lot about the cold war.

Many Germans found their own folders and were shocked by indications from neighbors, friends and family. When it comes to informants and agents who were active in Stasis’s service outside the DDR, it has not been as easy. Some have obviously wanted to prevent access through all these years.

At some point during the dissolution of communism, the CIA managed to secure the Stasi archive with the names of all agents and informants outside East Germany. Exactly how this happened did not know. But the backdrop is the confusion and chaos when the Soviet Union collapsed in 1992.

This part of the archive consisting of microfilmed map cards is called the Rosenholz files and is thus located at the US intelligence service CIA. For some reason, it is blocked for access.

Right-wing politician and former parliamentary repre- sentative Anders B. Werp has been in charge of the Storting to open the material for researchers, the press and the general public. He is still interested in this, he says, but today he is state secretary and therefore can not do anything else with the case.

Justice ministers Grete Faremo, Knut Storberget and Anders Anundsen were all asked to receive the archives that deal with Norway sent from the CIA to the Norwegian authorities. Maybe it worked with the case. But nothing happened.

Justice Minister Anders Anundsen expressed his optimism in an article in the A-Magazine 16 June 2014: “It’s hard to know how long it will take to get the material to Norway. “But we will have a close and close dialogue with the CIA.

Journalist in Aftenposten, Ingrid Brekke, has also been an active driver and wrote an article in the A magazine 15 June 2014 about the Rosenholz files with this heading: “Now we can know who the Norwegian Stasi agents were. 30 Norwegians spied for the GDR. The key to the riddle lies with the US intelligence service CIA. ”

Ingrid Brekke writes in a mail 17/8 that the situation is still unresolved: “It is the CIA that attaches the key to Norway’s access to this information. The Norwegian Government (Ministry of Justice) requested access and refused. We wrote about it when it happened. The reason we have not written more is that I do not see how it is possible to move on, there are no changes in the situation. It’s frustrating that it’s like that and it may be that the CIA changes its line in a few years. ”

Norway is underestimated in Stasi context, tells the German state witnesses and Stasi expert Helmut Müller-Enbergs. He has revealed significant East German activity in Norway. Surprisingly a lot of information about Norwegian military and political relations found the way from Norway to the DDR. The Rosenholz papers name Norwegians who worked for DDR’s secret police. The documentation will give us the knowledge that causes the story to be rewritten, believes the Stasi expert.

Why is it so quiet about the archives today, so many years after the fall of the Berlin Wall? I think the explanation is simple and such historian Nikolai Brandal tells Aftenposten September 27, 2011: You do not want to reveal your friends. Former Stasi informants in Norway are still visible actors in Norwegian society. SV-ere, Ap-people, academics and journalists are believed to be among the hidden Stasi informants. Criminal law cases will probably be out of date for so many years, but in order to understand the methods, strategy and cynicism of the Cold War we must get the documents to Norway.

Perhaps Justice Minister Tor Mikkel Wara is the man of action to find a solution in the stuck case? Somewhere in the ministry he can find back to one or more threads that the predecessors have released, leading to the key – at the CIA.

Artists call for boycott of Eurovision in Israel

Saturday 15 august 2018

Roger Waters among group of more than 100 artists who call for boycott of Eurovision in 2019, which is to be held in Israel.

A group of more than 100 artists on Friday published an open letter in the British Guardian newspaper in which they are calling for a boycott of the Eurovision Song Contest 2019 if it is held in Israel.

“We, the undersigned artists from Europe and beyond, support the heartfelt appeal from Palestinian artists to boycott the Eurovision Song Contest 2019 hosted by Israel. Until Palestinians can enjoy freedom, justice and equal rights, there should be no business-as-usual with the state that is denying them their basic rights,” wrote the artists.

The letter claims that on May 14, days after Israel’s Eurovision win, “the Israeli army killed 62 unarmed Palestinian protesters in Gaza, including six children, and injured hundreds, most with live ammunition. Amnesty International has condemned Israel’s shoot-to-kill-or-maim policy and Human Rights Watch described the killings as ‘unlawful and calculated.’”

The violent riots in question took place along the Gaza border on the day the US relocated its embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.

At various points during the riots, IDF soldiers were attacked with guns and various explosives, including grenades, pipe bombs, and firebombs. Hamas openly admitted, contrary to the artists’ claims, that the majority of the rioters who were killed were members of the group.

The letter further states that “Eurovision 2019 should be boycotted if it is hosted by Israel while it continues its grave, decades-old violations of Palestinian human rights.”

“We understand that the European Broadcasting Union is demanding that Israel finds a ‘non-divisive’ location for the 2019 Eurovision. It should cancel Israel’s hosting of the contest altogether and move it to another country with a better human rights record. Injustice divides, while the pursuit of dignity and human rights unites,” it concluded.

Among the signatories to the letter are former Pink Floyd member Roger Waters, who has for years led calls to boycott Israel, as well as British composer Brian Eno, a longtime supporter of the anti-Israel Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions (BDS) movement who in 2016 ordered an Israeli dance company to stop using his music.

Israel is due to host Eurovision next year due to the fact that it won the 2018 Eurovision contest, which took place in Lisbon on May 19, with the song “Toy” sung by Netta Barzilai.

Contest rules state that the winning country hosts the following year’s contest but the winning state can waive the right, as Israel did when it won for the second time in two years in 1979. At the time the waiver was used for economic reasons, as Israel’s leaders cited the cost of producing such an event two years in a row. Israel also hosted Eurovision in 1999 after winning the contest in 1998.

There have already been several calls to boycott of next year’s contest due to the fact that Israel will host it. One such call came from Dublin Mayor Micheal Mac Donncha, who said Ireland should boycott the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest in order to show solidarity with the “horrific ordeal of the Palestinian people.”

Mac Donncha’s call for a boycott came a day after several leftist Irish lawmakers expressed support for boycotting Israel following its winning the Eurovision song contest.

My comment on this :

Irael is the only jewish country protecting jews. Its a legacy for thousand of years, and is conceived by Abrahams God. We humans cannot break what God desides, His plan is unbreakable. So when artists go together, its sad, I will boycott them forever. And I will make sure that this goes on all social media I have and its much.

Latest disaster film shakes up geologists

Wednesday 5 september 2018

Norwegians were streaming to cinemas all over the country this weekend, to see the latest film about a natural disaster on home turf in Oslo. It’s shaking up both them and local geologists, who disagree over whether there’s a real threat of a massive earthquake in a country that has never had one, but does have a history of rockslides and unstable mountains.

Called Skjelvet (The Quake), the film follows up on the wildly popular and highly acclaimed Norwegian disaster film from 2015, Bølgen (The Wave). It involved a tidal wave set off when a steep mountainside literally collapses into the Geiranger Fjord below.

The use of real locations familiar to both locals and tourists alike has nurtured at least a sense of reality, and urgency at a time when national political debate has centered on security and preparedness for major emergencies. Most of that is targeted at terrorism, but also response to accidents and natural disaster.

The new quake film, full of special effects that have won high praise from Norwegian film critics, is based not only in Oslo, but at the heart of the Norwegian capital’s new eastern waterfront that’s been undergoing redevelopment for years . It’s now climaxing with construction of the new Munch Museum. Scenes of the Opera House’s glass shattering in the film are just as sensational as those of both new and old high-rises tipping over or simply crashing floor by floor.

The film has also won kudos for the acting performances of its central characters, including the same fictional family who survived the tidal wave in Geiranger. Verisimilitude is enhanced with real-life Scandinavian talk show host Fredrik Skavlan also appearing in the film, and introducing the geologist-father in the family (played by Kristoffer Joner) who was credited with saving the lives of many but then slumps into a severe case of post-traumatic syndrome. Suddenly he’s faced with saving not only his family once again, but hundreds of thousands of others, too.

Warnings of the possibility of an earthquake in Oslo by both him and a colleague in the film are largely overlooked in the film, adding to the tension that grows as the film begins. Tensions have also been rising in Norwegian media, as real-life geologists debate just how likely a quake is in Norway.

The debate started before the film had its premiere, first at the Haugesund Film Festival in August and then when it opened Friday at Norwegian cinemas.  A geologist at NORSAR, an independent non-profit research foundation, and at a national engineers’ association (Rådgivende Ingeniørers Forening) Norway’s sounded some alarms last month in a commentary headlined  “Poor preparedness for earthquakes” in newspaper Dagens Næringsliv (DN).

“We know that a quake is coming, not just at the cinema,” wrote Anne S Lycke of NORSAR and Liv Kari Skudal Hansteen of the engineers’ group. NORSAR specializes in seismology and is responsible for operating advanced monitoring installations for observing earthquakes and nuclear explosions.

They noted how the film shows tunnels and buildings collapsing in Oslo: “Yes, it’s fiction and perhaps seems unthinkable, but catastrophe can become reality.” They claimed that minor earthquakes occur in Oslo every year and note that one, in 1904, registered 5.4 on the Richter Scale and was felt from Namsos in Trøndelag to Poland. Another quake of magnitude 4.4 was registered in Bunnfjorden, due south of Oslo, in 1953.

Residents of California, Japan, Turkey or other areas accustomed to serious quakes can scoff over the risk posed by the minor quakes occurring in Norway so infrequently. Lycke and Hansteen claimed they’re “worried,” however, that “critical” but ageing infrastructure in Norway hasn’t been sufficiently examined for quake risk.

They question whether it would tolerate even such relatively minor quakes. Norway needs updated earthquake charts, something they think can be done at a cost of around NOK 7.5 million. They think the project and financing should be included in the new state budget proposal for next year, due to be presented in Parliament in October. NORSAR, which plays a role in the film, and the engineers’ group are also calling for a decision on who has overall national responsibility for earthquake security.

Bid for funding
Reidar Müller, another geologist and author with a doctorate degree, has a completely different assessment of earthquake risk in Norway and all but dismisses the concerns of Lycke and Hansteen. He went so far, in a counter-commentary in newspaper Aftenposten over the weekend, as to suggest that they’re only trying to build a case for more state funding for NORSAR, and claims the low risk of a new earthquake in Norway has not been well-communicated.

The film “that for us geologists first seemed like pure fiction has, through interviews and advertising, suddenly been portrayed as a possible scenario,” Müller wrote. He could excuse that when it comes from the film makers, who want to created tension and attract audiences, “but it’s questionable when serious researchers at NORSAR use the film to market their own reality.”

Müller claimed the “massive marketing of the film and uncritical analyses of quake risk have sparked irritation and exasperation” among geologists he knows. Müller maintains that there’s little risk for a major, destructive quake in Norway. Nor is the Oslo area especially vulnerable. He even noted how alarms have rung for years over whether the mountain called Mannen in Romsdal was about to fall. “It’s still standing there today,” Müller noted, and still being monitored closely.

He suspects NORSAR is using the disaster film, which he called a “gift” for the research foundation during its 50th anniversary year, to serve its own interests. “For those of us who work with research and finding financing for research, that’s problematic,” Müller wrote.

Others, including Mathilde Sørensen, a seismologist at the University of Bergen, claim it’s difficult to measure risk. She wrote in DN over the weekend that she agrees preparedness and responsibility for quake response can be improved, but disputes NORSAR’s claim that Norway lacks updated information on the probability of a quake. All seismic monitoring stations were formally combined into the Norwegian National Seismic Network in 1992, which “gives us important information on Norwegian earthquakes” and enables quick delivery of data to whoever may be interested.

Sørensen’s and Müller’s assessments may be comforting, not least given all the massive investment in and construction of tunnels, roads and buildings in the Oslo area over just the past 20 years. As the “New Oslo” emerges with its new Munch Museum and Barcode, no one wants to see it all fall down. “Earthquake risk in Norway is real,” Sørensen concedes, “but the scenarios we see in Skjelvet are, despite everything, rather improbable.”

White, conservative men are the most responsible and critical, showing analysis

Thursday 30th of August

“Researchers have found close ties between climate denying and xenophobia. 63 percent of conservative Norwegian men do not think climate change is man-made, “we read from journalist Iselin Elise Fjeld at NRK on Tuesday night.

Fjäll quotes what she refers to as “research” made by Olve Krange, at the Norwegian Institute for Nature Research (NINA). NRK also writes that Krange concludes that “climate denial seems to go hand in hand with a wider pattern of high nationalism and xenophobia.”

“We have not measured high-level nationalism or xenophobia, but a question about attitudes towards immigrants lets us observe that conservative men, who are also skeptical of immigration, more often doubt human-induced climate change than everyone else, even when we check for a variety of other variables, explains Krange.

There must also be a US study showing the same.

White men

“Both the Norwegian and US study argue that climate denial can be understood as an attempt to protect current power structures,” writes NRK

“There is a way to protect group identity, and maintain a social structure that allows white men to enjoy benefits over other communities,” the researchers explain in the report according to the NRK.

– High-spirited individuals tend to more easily accept and justify existing social structures and oppose changes in traditional lifestyles, called it.

National spokesman for MDG, Arild Hermstad, also states:

“The research explains something we have experienced since the MDG entered the city council in Oslo. Conservative middle-aged is a loud group fighting for the right to drive a car at the expense of children and the sick. They are provoked by women of power and foreign appearance, and in addition they deny the climate knowledge. Climate skepticism and nationalism are linked because such cross-border challenges can not be solved within the national state.


You almost do not know where to start commenting on such a combination of “research” and the NRK’s ​​reporting of it. But let’s try.

First, it is the use of the word “climate neglect”. The use of this term adds that there is something that is true, which is thus denied. For example, would you use the term “UFO-denial”? And also the combination “climate” and “deny” put together becomes completely meaningless. No one denies that the climate exists, or even is skeptical about the climate. In that case, it is climate change, or more precisely the potentially man-made parts of climate change that you are skeptical of or “deny”. Anyone who uses the term “climate neglect” pertains to the definition of Fake News.

It is obvious that NINA researcher Olve Drange for himself tries to figure out the “mystery” about how someone can deny it to him the obvious truth that human terrible activity destroys the planet by changing the climate. And then it’s good that other views the researcher finds incomprehensible, yes maybe morally reprehensible, such as skepticism about mass immigration (!), Are connected.

Therefore, it becomes logical. If you do not understand a specific thing, there is a good chance that you will not understand other things. You’re simply stupid.

Not stupid, but powerful

But wait a bit. It’s not that Olve Drange says. The skepticism of white men expresses immigration and man-made climate change (“climate denial” in Dranges and NRKS language draws) due to “attempts to protect current power structures.” The white men are not stupid. No, they are cynical, power-seeking individuals, he believes. And this defense of their own privileges is the explanation, not that they are stupid.

Drange therefore supports the American study that inspired him, who found that the explanation for the climate denial of white men was that it is “a way to protect group identity and maintain a social structure that allows white men to enjoy benefits over other social groups” .

Responsibility and self-catering operation

It should be noted in this context that self-catering is a good property that is probably chosen. That one wants to protect his group has been absolutely necessary for the survival of humanity (and all other plants and animals). And then the question of men, or “white men”, sees themselves as a group. My assertion is that there is little or no vote.

We white men, like Arab men, black men, yellow men, Swedish men, Danish men, Muslim men, etc., experience us as part of societies where women (and children) make up an entirely natural part. To the extent that we work to protect an “identity” or to “maintain a social structure,” it is a primary entity that wishes to be protected. The primary such entities have historically been families, clans, tribes, ethnic groups, nations, religious or ideological communities.

Of course there are also gender identities and also fighting about status and power between women and men, but for example, in today’s immigration ship, the struggle between white men and white women is far subordinate to the white men’s “struggle” against strange men about resources, and just a fight for the women of the white, or the foreign men.

One can easily understand why skepticism about mass immigration is in the interests of white men. I suppose it is in the interests of white women too. A society of increased violence, rape and crime, increased numbers of hostile people who are offended by trifles, as well as a welfare state that bleeds money for immigrants, is barely in the interests of some of its citizens.

But it is not good to say what a skepticism to accept that man-made climate change would favor white men over women, and neither white men more than dark men, nor immigrants. So here is a significant short circuit outside and goes to the head of the researcher and the NRK journalist.

Critical sense

A more likely explanation of the correlation between immigration skepticism and skepticism to accept the claims about the importance of man-made climate change is that both require a certain degree of critical sense and ability to think independently and beyond consensus and it’s “all” mean.

For decades, the prevailing ideology in the West has hammered sunshine stories about the multicultural society and the doomsday prophecies about environment and climate. At the same time, it is obvious that those who were skeptical of mass immigration at an early stage were most right. It now admits the vast majority.

Even the gloomiest climate cases have been thoroughly disproved by the climate itself. So it has been sensible to be skeptical of the sunshine history of the multicultural society as climate alarmists. For if one should follow the latter’s warnings, a number of expensive measures would have been implemented for no positive benefit.

I’m not going to hang out on the complaints queue that sits over how bad white middle-aged men are treated in Western society. In my opinion, we still have the best cards at hand and are not as discriminated as anyone wants it to. But that does not mean that there are no radical environments trying to “war” against the white man trying to construct an opposition between white men and white women, or rather between white men and everyone else, an artificial, constructed polarization that is harmful to all of us.

But what society should more likely reflect on is whether white men are actually worth listening to in many contexts. Yes, so they have been listened to in questions about politics, governance, war and peace for thousands of years. Is it that women tend to be a bit more consensus-oriented than men? Is it therefore possible for men to dare to point out that the emperor has no clothes and that such a point is sometimes what the society needs to adjust course?

One of the problems we have today is that the intellectual establishment in social sciences believes that they have found the final truth about the good society and that everything is about defending this truth against the heretics. And most heretics are among white middle-aged men. The establishment thus also makes sense of a matter of morality. And they defend their dogmas as obstinate as the church in their day.

NRK disappoints

The report to NRK is simply crafts, if not also Fake News in some aspects. The impact of those who are not as critical (as white, conservative men) of reading this NRK article would be to think that climate skepticism is as common as immigration skepticism. And it’s something everyone other than white, conservative men should keep away from thinking.

But the truth is that people should get more into the climate issue on their own. Search for alternative views, see if it makes sense. Imagine if humans might be a little less influential compared to changes in the sun, the terrain, the slopes and other conditions that affect the climate than the Green Party the Green and NRK want you to believe.

It does not hurt to investigate the climate case a little further on your own. And if you do not worry yourself, listen to a white man with self-restraint and some individuality. What does he mean about what affects the climate?

Soon, the end of “secret” accounts in Switzerland

Thursday 30 August 2018

This fall, Switzerland begins to share information about bank accounts with European tax authorities.

When the reform was introduced in 2008, the banking sector announced the massacre of banks, and some called it a “economic war” against the banks in Switzerland.

The secrecy of Swiss banks has been a guarantor for big corporations, criminals, heads of state and others who do not want to let the outside world know about the values ​​they have on, have chosen banks in the mountains.

The number of banks in Switzerland has fallen from over 300 before the financial crisis, to 253 in December 2017. Nevertheless, analysts believe things are better than feared.

“The end of secrecy has been a serious blow to the banks, but it is also true that many people expected it to get worse. And the sector still lives, “said Nuno Fornandes, professor at the Católica Lisbon School of Business and Economics, Bloomberg.

A large number of banks have entered into a settlement with US authorities to have hidden information – the fines have totaled $ 6 billion, or $ 50 billion Norwegian kroner.

Scientists are scared of shock in the Arctic

Sunday, August 26, 2018

We have never seen anything like this before

– All arrows point straight down, and it goes very fast, warns climate scientist.

“We must figure this out now. It really hurts. This is one of the most existential questions in science.

That’s what Johan Rockström, head of the Stockholm Resilience Center research institute, told The Guardian earlier this month.

He referred to a recent study considering the risk that nature’s own uncontrollable domino effects will prevent attempts to curb global warming.

He was one of several who hit the alarm. A number of climate scientists also pushed out and warned that climate change could speed up, even though all countries in the world cut their emissions. At worst, many areas on the earth can become uninhabitable.

The reason for the researchers’ concern was the so-called backlinking effects that affect the climate on Earth.

These are effects that are “built-in” in nature itself and, as in many cases, enhance the effects of man-made greenhouse gas emissions, NTB writes.

One of the most famous effects is linked to the sea ice in the Arctic. As the soil gets hotter, it becomes less ice – which causes more energy from the sun to be absorbed into the ocean so that the heating is enhanced.

But there are also a number of others: Heating in the Arctic can increase emissions of methane from the ground and the seabed, emissions grow from forests that are chopped, rotting or burning, and warmer seas can absorb less greenhouse gases than they have done so far.

“This wave of events will be able to tip the entire Earth system into a new state,” said German researcher Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, according to AFP news agency.

– All arrows point straight down

New shocks from Greenland are depressing reading for those who were already concerned.

It’s the British newspaper The Guardian who writes about the sensational find. According to the newspaper, what has long been considered the strongest of all sea ice, which is located north of Greenland, has broken cracks and is breaking up.

It is already well known that the sea ice in the Arctic melt. And at a pace that still surprises researchers worldwide.

There will be less and less sea ice in the Arctic, and it is a trend that just continues and continues, “says climate scientist Bjørn Hallvard Samset at Cicero to Dagbladet.

– All arrows point straight down, and it goes very fast. It’s not necessarily equal every year, but on average it’s going too fast, says Samset.

But the fresh find from the sea ice north of Greenland is still sensational enough to scare the experts.

“This area has been called” the last ice field “, since it has been said that the last sea ice in the Arctic came to lie here, says Ruth Mottram at Meteorological Institute in Denmark to The Guardian.

Video : North Pole melts in 20 seconds

Melt easier

“We have never seen anything like this before. Not there. It was thought that it would be one of the last places it would disappear summer in the Arctic, the Samset agrees.

It is first and foremost a powerful wind that came across the area, which led the ice to the open sea.

But the heat wave that has been lying like a gloomy wool blanket over the northern hemisphere in summer also gets its share of duty. The heat helped to melt large parts of the ice, which in turn made the ice easier. This made the wind an easy job of grabbing it and moving it into open waters – the melting process could accelerate.

– This in a place where we had thought the ice was about as stable as it is possible to get it in the Arctic. There is not much ocean currents there and it is mostly very cold. Therefore, it should be frozen, “says the Norwegian climate scientist.

The sea ice has been like a solid block – frozen all year round. The ice was thus many meters thick.

– Now a large part of the ice cream is freezing in the winter fresh and one year old. It’s thin and smells easier if you get a hot summer, Samset explains.

– Another clear notice

It is in turn helping to accelerate the melting process and the division of the ice. The samset says he is scared of the new measurements.

– It is scary. There is enough clear notice. One warns that the ice in the Arctic explodes and melts quickly. Looking at the measurements from 1980 up to now, they point only one way; right down, he says.

In a number of climate models, scientists have attempted to estimate when the summer ice is completely out of these areas, if the warming continues at the pace that has been seen so far.

“It’s very hard to calculate because it’s a phase transition that it’s demanding to get into a mathematical model. But if you look at the new measurements, it seems that it is the most pessimistic climate models that get right. If these measurements are correct, it will not be surprising if it is completely free of ice in the Arctic in the summer before 2040.

Another who is scared of the findings is the researcher Thomas Lavergne at the Meteorological Institute in Norway.

“Scary”, he writes in a Twitter message where he shares a satellite image of the ice that drives from land.

“I can not say how long this open sea area will remain open, but even if it should freeze within a few days, the damage will already happen. The thick old sea ice will be pushed away from the coast to an area where the ice will melt, he says, according to The Guardian.

Although Norway is far north, the ice in the Arctic can feel far away for anyone living on the mainland. Nevertheless, the Sami warns of serious consequences, also “here south”, if the ice in the Arctic disappears.

– When the ice disappears, the ocean will absorb more sunlight. This will lead to smaller temperature differences between Europe and the Arctic. This again affects the wind systems, probably also the weather systems. It will do something to the south, he says.

And more precisely than he does not dare to be.

– No, for this we have not seen before. It’s possible to guess, but it’s hard to say what the consequences will be. It is talk about the front of research. It’s so far we’ve come, he says.
Never be worse around Svalbard

The ice cream service at the Meteorological Institute, which, among other things, monitors and measures ice around Svalbard, also comes with a disappointing message, according to Aftenposten.

According to the newspaper, the Ice Cream Service has never seen less ice around Svalbard at this time of the year since it began with measurements 51 years ago.

Tuesday this week, the icecream around Svalbard was measured to be more than 115,000 square kilometers less than the average between 1981 and 2010.

– Last year at this time there was a lot more ice. Now you have to find about 200 kilometers north of Svalbard before you find the ice. Last year there was drizzle all the way to the coast, “says Frank Andreas Amdal, consultant in the ice cream service, for the newspaper.

This is just another example of how the climate breaks the expectations of researchers, says Samset.

“It’s almost old, because they were on minimum ice, so less than you’ve ever seen, both in June and July this year. It is therefore good to know that Svalbard is warming very fast and is a good example of how the new climate is breaking our expectations, he believes.

The samset believes there is little evidence that shocking discoveries have ended with this.

“We must expect more climate surprises. Wait it unexpectedly, he says.

Therefore, Princess Diana’s engagement ring was controversial

Sunday, August 26, 2018
Today, Princess Diana’s engagement ring is one of the world’s most famous jewelry, but it created turmoil in the British royal family in the 80’s.

In February 1981 Prince Charles proposed to Lady Diana Spencer, and after a couple of weeks, the couple announced the wedding plans outside of Buckingham Palace.

Then the whole world got the eye on the ring with 12 carat blue sapphire, surrounded by 14 smaller diamonds cast in 18 karat white gold.

The ring was made by the British royal house of faithful jewelry supplier, House of Gerrard, but it did not hold for more in the British royal family, according to

The royal house should have had two problems with the engagement ring. First of all, the stone that adorned the ring was a sapphire rather than a diamond that was tradition. Secondly, Diana had chosen the ring from a jewelry catalog, some in the royal house did not seem to be exclusive enough when it was available to the public, writes the British newspaper.

According to Vogue, the ring had a price tag of around NOK 500,000 kroner. The reputable magazine writes that someone thought Diana chose that particular ring because it was greatest, while others believe she chose it because it reminded her of her mother’s engagement ring.

Diana did not care about the views of the royal house, and carried the ring until the divorce with Prince Charles in 1996.

INHERIT: Prince William gave the ring to Kate Middleton when he proposed to her in 2010.

Diana’s two sons, Prince William and Prince Harry inherited her mother’s jewelry when she died in 1997. The engagement ring thus found the way to Kate Middleton’s finger when Prince William rescued her eight years ago.

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