Scientists are scared of shock in the Arctic

Sunday, August 26, 2018

We have never seen anything like this before

– All arrows point straight down, and it goes very fast, warns climate scientist.

“We must figure this out now. It really hurts. This is one of the most existential questions in science.

That’s what Johan Rockström, head of the Stockholm Resilience Center research institute, told The Guardian earlier this month.

He referred to a recent study considering the risk that nature’s own uncontrollable domino effects will prevent attempts to curb global warming.

He was one of several who hit the alarm. A number of climate scientists also pushed out and warned that climate change could speed up, even though all countries in the world cut their emissions. At worst, many areas on the earth can become uninhabitable.

The reason for the researchers’ concern was the so-called backlinking effects that affect the climate on Earth.

These are effects that are “built-in” in nature itself and, as in many cases, enhance the effects of man-made greenhouse gas emissions, NTB writes.

One of the most famous effects is linked to the sea ice in the Arctic. As the soil gets hotter, it becomes less ice – which causes more energy from the sun to be absorbed into the ocean so that the heating is enhanced.

But there are also a number of others: Heating in the Arctic can increase emissions of methane from the ground and the seabed, emissions grow from forests that are chopped, rotting or burning, and warmer seas can absorb less greenhouse gases than they have done so far.

“This wave of events will be able to tip the entire Earth system into a new state,” said German researcher Hans Joachim Schellnhuber, according to AFP news agency.

– All arrows point straight down

New shocks from Greenland are depressing reading for those who were already concerned.

It’s the British newspaper The Guardian who writes about the sensational find. According to the newspaper, what has long been considered the strongest of all sea ice, which is located north of Greenland, has broken cracks and is breaking up.

It is already well known that the sea ice in the Arctic melt. And at a pace that still surprises researchers worldwide.

There will be less and less sea ice in the Arctic, and it is a trend that just continues and continues, “says climate scientist Bjørn Hallvard Samset at Cicero to Dagbladet.

– All arrows point straight down, and it goes very fast. It’s not necessarily equal every year, but on average it’s going too fast, says Samset.

But the fresh find from the sea ice north of Greenland is still sensational enough to scare the experts.

“This area has been called” the last ice field “, since it has been said that the last sea ice in the Arctic came to lie here, says Ruth Mottram at Meteorological Institute in Denmark to The Guardian.

Video : North Pole melts in 20 seconds

Melt easier

“We have never seen anything like this before. Not there. It was thought that it would be one of the last places it would disappear summer in the Arctic, the Samset agrees.

It is first and foremost a powerful wind that came across the area, which led the ice to the open sea.

But the heat wave that has been lying like a gloomy wool blanket over the northern hemisphere in summer also gets its share of duty. The heat helped to melt large parts of the ice, which in turn made the ice easier. This made the wind an easy job of grabbing it and moving it into open waters – the melting process could accelerate.

– This in a place where we had thought the ice was about as stable as it is possible to get it in the Arctic. There is not much ocean currents there and it is mostly very cold. Therefore, it should be frozen, “says the Norwegian climate scientist.

The sea ice has been like a solid block – frozen all year round. The ice was thus many meters thick.

– Now a large part of the ice cream is freezing in the winter fresh and one year old. It’s thin and smells easier if you get a hot summer, Samset explains.


– Another clear notice

It is in turn helping to accelerate the melting process and the division of the ice. The samset says he is scared of the new measurements.

– It is scary. There is enough clear notice. One warns that the ice in the Arctic explodes and melts quickly. Looking at the measurements from 1980 up to now, they point only one way; right down, he says.

In a number of climate models, scientists have attempted to estimate when the summer ice is completely out of these areas, if the warming continues at the pace that has been seen so far.

“It’s very hard to calculate because it’s a phase transition that it’s demanding to get into a mathematical model. But if you look at the new measurements, it seems that it is the most pessimistic climate models that get right. If these measurements are correct, it will not be surprising if it is completely free of ice in the Arctic in the summer before 2040.

Another who is scared of the findings is the researcher Thomas Lavergne at the Meteorological Institute in Norway.

“Scary”, he writes in a Twitter message where he shares a satellite image of the ice that drives from land.

“I can not say how long this open sea area will remain open, but even if it should freeze within a few days, the damage will already happen. The thick old sea ice will be pushed away from the coast to an area where the ice will melt, he says, according to The Guardian.

Although Norway is far north, the ice in the Arctic can feel far away for anyone living on the mainland. Nevertheless, the Sami warns of serious consequences, also “here south”, if the ice in the Arctic disappears.

– When the ice disappears, the ocean will absorb more sunlight. This will lead to smaller temperature differences between Europe and the Arctic. This again affects the wind systems, probably also the weather systems. It will do something to the south, he says.

And more precisely than he does not dare to be.

– No, for this we have not seen before. It’s possible to guess, but it’s hard to say what the consequences will be. It is talk about the front of research. It’s so far we’ve come, he says.
Never be worse around Svalbard

The ice cream service at the Meteorological Institute, which, among other things, monitors and measures ice around Svalbard, also comes with a disappointing message, according to Aftenposten.

According to the newspaper, the Ice Cream Service has never seen less ice around Svalbard at this time of the year since it began with measurements 51 years ago.

Tuesday this week, the icecream around Svalbard was measured to be more than 115,000 square kilometers less than the average between 1981 and 2010.

– Last year at this time there was a lot more ice. Now you have to find about 200 kilometers north of Svalbard before you find the ice. Last year there was drizzle all the way to the coast, “says Frank Andreas Amdal, consultant in the ice cream service, for the newspaper.

This is just another example of how the climate breaks the expectations of researchers, says Samset.

“It’s almost old, because they were on minimum ice, so less than you’ve ever seen, both in June and July this year. It is therefore good to know that Svalbard is warming very fast and is a good example of how the new climate is breaking our expectations, he believes.

The samset believes there is little evidence that shocking discoveries have ended with this.

“We must expect more climate surprises. Wait it unexpectedly, he says.

Therefore, Princess Diana’s engagement ring was controversial

Sunday, August 26, 2018
Today, Princess Diana’s engagement ring is one of the world’s most famous jewelry, but it created turmoil in the British royal family in the 80’s.

In February 1981 Prince Charles proposed to Lady Diana Spencer, and after a couple of weeks, the couple announced the wedding plans outside of Buckingham Palace.

Then the whole world got the eye on the ring with 12 carat blue sapphire, surrounded by 14 smaller diamonds cast in 18 karat white gold.

The ring was made by the British royal house of faithful jewelry supplier, House of Gerrard, but it did not hold for more in the British royal family, according to

The royal house should have had two problems with the engagement ring. First of all, the stone that adorned the ring was a sapphire rather than a diamond that was tradition. Secondly, Diana had chosen the ring from a jewelry catalog, some in the royal house did not seem to be exclusive enough when it was available to the public, writes the British newspaper.

According to Vogue, the ring had a price tag of around NOK 500,000 kroner. The reputable magazine writes that someone thought Diana chose that particular ring because it was greatest, while others believe she chose it because it reminded her of her mother’s engagement ring.

Diana did not care about the views of the royal house, and carried the ring until the divorce with Prince Charles in 1996.


INHERIT: Prince William gave the ring to Kate Middleton when he proposed to her in 2010.

Diana’s two sons, Prince William and Prince Harry inherited her mother’s jewelry when she died in 1997. The engagement ring thus found the way to Kate Middleton’s finger when Prince William rescued her eight years ago.

New Russian hacking attempts targeted conservative groups, Microsoft says

Tuesday 21 august 2018

Microsoft has uncovered new Russian hacking attempts targeting U.S. political groups ahead of the midterm elections, the technology giant reported Tuesday.

This attempt, tied to a hacking group affiliated with the Russian government, spoofed a pair of conservative think-tanks, the Hudson Institute and the International Republican Institute.

There’s no sign the hackers were successful in getting anyone to click on the fake websites, the Associated Press reported, and both organizations said their global pro-democracy work has previously made them targets.

The New York Times reported that the latest hacking attempts underscore the Russian intelligence agency’s goal to disrupt any political challenges to Moscow and President Vladimir Putin.

“We are now seeing another uptick in attacks. What is particular in this instance is the broadening of the type of websites they are going after,” Microsoft’s president, Brad Smith, was quoted in the NYT. “These are organizations that are informally tied to Republicans, so we see them broadening beyond the sites they have targeted in the past.”

The hacking attempts also included three other phony sites that appeared to be affiliated with the Senate, the Washington Post reported.

“This apparent spear-phishing attempt against the International Republican Institute and other organizations is consistent with the campaign of meddling that the Kremlin has waged against organizations that support democracy and human rights,” IRI President Daniel Twining told the Post. “It is clearly designed to sow confusion, conflict and fear among those who criticize Mr. Putin’s authoritarian regime.”

Microsoft obtained court approval last year allowing it to seize certain fake domains created by the hacking group, which it calls Strontium.

The fake websites, which were registered with major web-hosting companies, were at my-iri.org, hudsonorg-my-sharepoint.com, senate.group, adfs-senate.services, adfs-senate.email and office365-onedrive.com, according to Microsoft and reported by the Post.

A similar Microsoft discovery led Missouri Democratic U.S. Sen. Claire McCaskill, who’s running for re-election, to reveal last month that Russian hackers tried unsuccessfully to infiltrate her Senate computer network.

New blood test can reveal almost all types of cancer

Friday, 17 August 2018

Danish researchers have developed one blood test to reveal a variety of different cancers.

The methodology researchers at the University of Copenhagen have now developed are described in the journal Nature Communications. One single blood test should reveal almost all forms of cancer at an early stage.

“Only there are three cancer cells in a test, so can we actually find them,” says Professor Ali Salanti at the University of Copenhagen to DR.dk.

The Danish university calls the study that led to the finding for “sensational”.

Read also: Researchers have developed a blood test that will detect early cancerous cancer

Protein binds to 95 percent of all cancer cells
The researchers will have found a protein in malaria parasites, which researchers have previously seen to bind to nearly 95 percent of all cancer cells, and with this protein they should be able to capture the cancer cells in the blood.

“We have already identified a number of different types of cancer that there are cancer cells in the blood,” Salanti writes in a press release.

To DR.dk, he states that the method has been tried on patients in England who have had cancer in an early stage.

“And in fact, no one fell through: We found the cancer cells in the blood of all patients, and we did not find anything at a control group,” says Salanti.

Can be used in treatment

Researchers hope that the method can also be used to test treatment methods, by removing cancer cells, culturing them in the laboratory, and seeing how the cancer cells of the patient respond to different treatments.

Now researchers want to test if the sample works with those who have not yet received any cancer diagnosis.

“Our future scenario is to be able to use it for example to screen risk groups on an annual basis. But first, we will test the method for even more patients and earlier in their cancer course, “says Salanti to DR.dk.

Researchers: Five years of extreme heat await

Wednesday 15 August 2018


SEE CHANGES: The state of California in the United States finds that the forest fireside starts earlier, lasts longer and is more devastating than before, and scientists point to climate change as a cause. Now, British, French and Dutch researchers come up with a new model that tracks an unusually hot period on Earth for the next four years.

 

A new model for climate forecasts suggests that the period 2018-2022 may be far warmer than previously estimated.

Researchers who have developed a new climate forecast forecasting an unusually hot period over the next four years.

The researchers have developed a new method for predicting global average air temperature on the earth’s surface and average temperature in the ocean surface. For the period 2018-2022, this model is warning a warmer than normal period, which is expected to reinforce the long-term trend of global warming, according to a research article published in Nature Communications. In the period discussed, researchers believe there is an increased likelihood of extreme temperatures.

There are French, British and Dutch researchers from the Laboratoire d’Océanographie Physique et Spatiale in Brest, Ocean and Earth Science, University of Southampton, and the Koninklijke Nederlands Meteorological Institute, De Bilt, which is behind the study.

Cafe owners in London harassed to decorate the food with English flag

Wednesday 15 August 2018

A small family-run cafe in London, called Station 164, decorated the food they delivered to their customers with a small British flag. Now Carol Brown and daughter Candy Merrett probably shut the cafe after being exposed to a campaign on social media, claiming the flags show that the owners are racists, writes Daily Mail.

They couldn’t take it anymore of vilification. On Facebook, the owner writes that she is a patriotic and proud British, without prejudice. “Every customer knows we’re sending out the food decorated with a flag,” she writes, believing it should not offend anyone, but that it is a symbol of “Great British Pride.”

“We are a small London cafe, we are British, English and Londoners. We do not want to be ashamed to place small flags in our food. We do not stop. We are patriotic, not ‘pathetic’ as someone called us last week. We’re celebrating our country. “

Later she decided to close the cafe. Candy says that some people have gone into the cafe just to throw the flags on the floor.

A commentator on TripAdvisor believes that people who do not tolerate an English flag that adorn the food and think it is racist should concentrate on eating in an eatery in East London, and “let those of us who love it (the flag) in peace. I want to eat here again and again and again ». Then the question becomes whether it becomes possible. Because even though the owners’ last word is that they want to close the cafe, it is legitimate to change their minds.

One in three believes they have noticed climate change

Tuesday, 14 August 2018

A large majority believes climate change is happening, and one in three believes they have experienced it personally, according to a recent survey.

The survey was carried out by the Cicero Center for Climate Research, and some of the findings are presented during Arendalsuka Tuesday.

“It seems that there is a fairly small proportion of the population who believe that climate change does not happen, and also a small proportion of people who believe that humans do not affect the climate,” concludes Cicero researcher Marianne Aasen to NTB.

31 percent say they have experienced the climate change in person.

The survey was taken up in June, and Aasen therefore believes that it does not catch the summer tumble and the discussion of “good summer weather” versus climate crisis.
Solid

It’s just a taste of the survey Aasen can present in Arendal, since the numbers are so fresh. The researcher makes reservations that there may be some bias, but it is important to shout at the main picture, she emphasizes.

* A total of 77 percent believe the claim that climate change is going on is quite good or very good.

* Under 10 percent deny that human activity affects the climate, while around 70 percent think we contribute to the changes.

About 4,000 people have been asked, and it is TNS Gallup who has been collecting data.

Like the smoking act?

With annual surveys, the research center will monitor whether people’s views on climate change and climate change change. In particular, Aasen is keen to see how the policies the politicians arrive at affect people’s attitudes and behaviors.

Can measures to limit food shedding and driving have the same effect as the smoking act, which has helped to make smoking taboos in very many circles?

“We will look at the evolution of norms – what do people think is okay? It is especially interesting now that there are instruments on the stairs. Increases resistance when instruments are introduced? is something that Aasen is wondering about.

More than half of the respondents have little faith in the fact that “new technology will solve the climate problem so I do not have to change my lifestyle.” But many seem to have a certain hope that technology can save us. Nearly 26 percent say that this statement is neither bad nor good, and almost one in ten are confident that the technology will solve the climate problem.

Prefer carrots in front of whip

During Arendalsuka there are a number of events where the climate will be discussed. The Paris agreement puts pressure on politicians and industry to find solutions that cut the emissions.

Previous surveys have shown that people would like to contribute to addressing the climate problem, Aasen says. The question is how far they are willing to go and what measures they can swallow.

– People also want society to make the right choice, rather than punishing bad climate choices with high fees. Making vegetarian food more accessible and making it easier to choose collectively are measures supported, says Aasen.

Among other things, people find it easy to let pedestrians and cyclists get more space at the expense of the driver, according to the Cicero researcher.

“When it comes to changes that really make sense, like flying less and driving smaller cars, people generally indicate less willingness to do something,” says Aasen.

Freedom and democracy under pressure

Tuesday, 14 August 2018

For some of us, it means a lot of being curious and expanding our mental horizons. We seek insights, what is called truth. Such a life of the quest requires exposure to varied thoughts and experiences. Most of the intellectual building blocks come as an accumulated insight inherited, tried and failed over hundreds of generations. It was especially possible to stand on the ancestors’ shoulders when the art of writing developed.

But new thoughts also descend. It triggers old truths, and it challenges established power relationships. Therefore, it always has the wishes and powers of the find that will introduce censorship.

The established and powerful have always had their methods. In the past, riot leaders were picked up and put them in prison or worse. You could also ban collections of more than five people. Previously, such restrictions could mean that people could not communicate. There was no phone or internet.

Now we have just got internet and social platforms on the internet. On these, people in theory can talk to anyone and so many. In free form, it is a solid opinion exchange.

But it is also threatening, for some. Ideologies can be challenged and torn apart. People can be exposed and revealed.

And it can also spread lies, propaganda, kittens. Yes, “hate speech”.

New technology

The Internet and free social media can revolutionize politics and ideology in theory. Not necessarily for the better, but possibly. But not everyone wants the ideology (s) to be destroyed. And some of them will fight.

And those who fight against the destruction of their worldview, their ideology, their religion – which may be their identity – will now naturally try to limit people’s ability to be heard and discuss on these new platforms. And while busted people were more likely to be locked and knocked (by letter and ban) or could not get to the marketplace where people gathered, they are now banned from the new places where gossip is shared and politics are created. It’s Facebook, Youtube, Twitter, Apple, Google, Spotify etc.

These technology giants are so big that they can not be resisted. And the censorship does not come as a race, it starts cautiously and increases gradually. A voice is excluded here and one vote there, but it happens gradually and one by one. Those who are not banned in the first place, but who are in the gray zone, hold their breath and hope they do not happen. They can not get boycott Facebook even if the colleague was just banned. They hope the best and things get better. That no one should knock on the door of them.

We have our domestic examples. Some, like Thomas Knarvik, are banned in one set. In the US now there are bigger things going on. There’s a massive campaign made sure to remove Alex Jones and InfoWars from all the major social media.

He is being removed because of conspiracy theories and “hate speech”. But it is a matter of hate speech on social media. From left and right, for and against Islam. And even though he exaggerates and definitely lives with untrue conspiracy theories, including facts that are true, and he has been guilty of fake news, he is not alone in any way. There are many crazy people out there who are unprecedented. So why Alex Jones?

It is because he is somebody, a threat, a threat to the establishment in the United States. Millions of people know who he is and listen and read to him and InfoWars. He even interviewed Donald Trump, and undoubtedly helped him win in 2016. Perhaps Alex Jones was even decisive for the outcome on the margin.

That is why CNN and various Democrats and activists have put pressure on technology giants to unpublish Jones. He is a foul voice.

There is a lot of “hate speech”

One could say that Youtube, Facebook, etc. should remove all Muslim hate speech – and that’s enough to take off. But I do not think they should. We can not be frightened (insane) opinion polls. On the contrary. The west is just a good place because it is (or was) illuminated enough not to believe in quackalists, sulfur preachers and conspiracy theorists. Our ambition was – and should be – that they could speak freely and get dressed in the free public space.

Therefore, we should also allow Islam to be pronounced, and put it down with arguments to the extent that it is necessary. For some ideas, so stupid are given what we today know that they simply break themselves down.

This self-esteem should also acquire the establishment. Do not fear Alex Jones. If he is so mad and talking hate and conspiracy, would people in an enlightened democracy like to uncover it? All his viewers hardly buy anything he says anyway. Or are you unsure of your own claims? Does the reality begin to differ too much from what you claim about multiculturalism and globalization?

Because by putting him in the sentiment, behind the lock and strike, you have already declared your revolt against the free word, against democracy and freedom of expression. You are denying yourself the right to call you liberal.

Preventing people from speaking is totalitarian. But it is unfortunately in the direction “the establishment” now wants to take us. It happens with small but frequent steps. One assumes that technology giants have no duty to open up their commercial social platforms to anyone. They are private and can do as they please.

But everyone understands the effect of being shut down from the modern marketplace. That means knocking, ties to death, loses its democratic voice.

We are exposed to a serious attack on freedom of speech from powerful forces, and it comes from those who claim to take it in defense. They have become intolerant in the tolerance name.

A fight we must take in Norway too

Our Prime Minister has criticized Resett, and she tries to criticize Islam by calling it “religious racism.” Her culture minister, Trine Skei Grande, is still looking forward to new media such as Resett and would like to welcome any teasing from the technology giants against Norwegian counter votes. With them / us gone, her behavior in a wedding in 2008 had still not been known.

And if we do not mobilize against the increasing constraint of who and what to participate in the public arena that technology giants are now controlling, and soon, this will not be going well. The western world we love is based on (the ambition of) the free word, the free thought, the honest exchange of opinions.

Censorship is the root of democracy’s death, and to fear, frustration, insecurity and violence. So let’s do the right thing and let freedom of speech survive. And to get it, the actual technology giants must play on teams.

Like it or not, but it is.

Censorship in the modern West

Tuesday, 14 August 2018

We are used to hearing about censorship and oppression of opinions in countries such as China. They refuse their citizens free access to the internet in fear of being oppositional and demanding changes in society. Politicians in the West have long criticized China and other countries operating in similar ways. Now it turns out that many of them are hypocrites.

After the choice of Trump, left-hand side, without a better description, was completely hysterical. Politicians and their friends in the media began to scream about “false news” as an explanation of why Trump was chosen. They demanded that companies like Google, who owns Youtube and Facebook, remove what they call “false news”.

They often use this tactic. They make an “evil” and shall determine what is the definition of this “evil”. They did the same with the term “racism”. From having an innocent start as a description of “ideas about racial superiority”, it became a broad term. Which even included criticism of immigration and multiculturalism. They promise to “racism” and incorporate ideas into schoolchildren. Suddenly we are in today’s situation, with a population that accepts a total transformation of our own society.

The left side has defined “false news” and companies like Facebook and Google have changed their platforms according to their wishes. It is very likely that this campaign has brought bias to right-oriented news media. Traffic to right-wing news agencies has been reduced from social media.

They did not finish there, afterwards they spoke to Youtube. They started a campaign to remove ads on videos that violate what they think is appropriate. To achieve this, they showed videos like glorified violence, but also “racist” videos. This led to the youtube creators named adpocalypse, Google removed advertising on a large proportion of videos. Sometimes completely inexplicable. After this, it has been difficult for political channels, mostly on the right side, to get revenues from their videos. I have also noticed that the channels have completely stopped growing.

Not long ago, they launched a campaign for the internet companies to become stricter against “hat”, which of course the left-hand side defines. The result is the exclusion of individuals like Alex Jones, not just on a platform, but on absolutely everyone. Absolutely without a proper explanation. Without showing to specific clips.

All this forms a clear picture; The goal is to prevent people with the wrong opinions to get an audience. In the modern world there is public discussion and information dissemination on the internet, especially social media. By banning people from these platforms, you can also censor individual opinions. The left side aims to remove some opinions from the public discussion and remove the democratizing effect of social media. To gain more control over the population and their opinions.

It is uncertain how they initially gained such control over the old media. All Norwegian newspapers and TV channels are all the same, they bend for the left-wing flute. Most American do the same.

Now they go after the internet and their methods make China blush.

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