Saturday, September 15, 2018
When the wall of Berlin – “Wall of Shame” fell on November 9, 1989, its symbolic significance also fell. Cold war, political and military division of Europe, spying on everything and everything. This was also the end of the infamous and super-effective secret state police Stasi, with its 100,000 permanent employees and 500,000 indicate. Probably the most effective monitoring system in history. The Bundestag adopted a separate law on the Stasi archive so that German citizens could access the documents. The highly sensitive archives were finally released. Many historians also looked forward to this. 180 air miles with important documentation could tell a lot about the cold war. Many Germans found their own folders and were shocked by indications from neighbors, friends and family. When it comes to informants and agents who were active in Stasis’s service outside the DDR, it has not been as easy. Some have obviously wanted to prevent access through all these years. At some point during the dissolution of communism, the CIA managed to secure the Stasi archive with the names of all agents and informants outside East Germany. Exactly how this happened did not know. But the backdrop is the confusion and chaos when the Soviet Union collapsed in 1992. This part of the archive consisting of microfilmed map cards is called the Rosenholz files and is thus located at the US intelligence service CIA. For some reason, it is blocked for access. Right-wing politician and former parliamentary repre- sentative Anders B. Werp has been in charge of the Storting to open the material for researchers, the press and the general public. He is still interested in this, he says, but today he is state secretary and therefore can not do anything else with the case. Justice ministers Grete Faremo, Knut Storberget and Anders Anundsen were all asked to receive the archives that deal with Norway sent from the CIA to the Norwegian authorities. Maybe it worked with the case. But nothing happened. Justice Minister Anders Anundsen expressed his optimism in an article in the A-Magazine 16 June 2014: “It’s hard to know how long it will take to get the material to Norway. “But we will have a close and close dialogue with the CIA. Journalist in Aftenposten, Ingrid Brekke, has also been an active driver and wrote an article in the A magazine 15 June 2014 about the Rosenholz files with this heading: “Now we can know who the Norwegian Stasi agents were. 30 Norwegians spied for the GDR. The key to the riddle lies with the US intelligence service CIA. ” Ingrid Brekke writes in a mail 17/8 that the situation is still unresolved: “It is the CIA that attaches the key to Norway’s access to this information. The Norwegian Government (Ministry of Justice) requested access and refused. We wrote about it when it happened. The reason we have not written more is that I do not see how it is possible to move on, there are no changes in the situation. It’s frustrating that it’s like that and it may be that the CIA changes its line in a few years. ” Norway is underestimated in Stasi context, tells the German state witnesses and Stasi expert Helmut Müller-Enbergs. He has revealed significant East German activity in Norway. Surprisingly a lot of information about Norwegian military and political relations found the way from Norway to the DDR. The Rosenholz papers name Norwegians who worked for DDR’s secret police. The documentation will give us the knowledge that causes the story to be rewritten, believes the Stasi expert. Why is it so quiet about the archives today, so many years after the fall of the Berlin Wall? I think the explanation is simple and such historian Nikolai Brandal tells Aftenposten September 27, 2011: You do not want to reveal your friends. Former Stasi informants in Norway are still visible actors in Norwegian society. SV-ere, Ap-people, academics and journalists are believed to be among the hidden Stasi informants. Criminal law cases will probably be out of date for so many years, but in order to understand the methods, strategy and cynicism of the Cold War we must get the documents to Norway. Perhaps Justice Minister Tor Mikkel Wara is the man of action to find a solution in the stuck case? Somewhere in the ministry he can find back to one or more threads that the predecessors have released, leading to the key – at the CIA.